Rational Use of Drugs


Rational Use of Drugs
Rational Use of Drugs


Definition: 

Rational use of drugs means the right drug for the right patient at the right dose at the right time and it's right route and should be economical as well. According to WHO rational use of drug means: That patient received appropriate medication to their clinical needs and doses that meets their individual requirement for an adequate period of time and lowest cost to them and their community. Approaches to achieve rational use of drugs: According to the above definition rational drug therapy can be achieved by applying the following approach: 

1. Patient problem

Try to find the explanation for the patient problem. Take a detailed history of the illness and drug history of the patient. 

2. Diagnosis:

Diagnosis is done by past medical history. Pass medical therapy present complaint if the patient is not diagnosed properly, then this is called irrational therapy an accurate diagnosis is a very important for rational therapy, around diagnosing is made then how rational therapy is possible

3. Therapeutic objectives: 
This should be done by relieving the symptoms, preventing disease or combination of both 

4. Select the Treatment:

 This approach towards the selection of treatment is divided into two phases, 
A. Determine the option available to treat the health problem sometime a simple advice can work no drug treatment is required. But if a drug is needed, then select the drug group used in treatment.

B. Evaluate the drug on the basis of the following criteria

  • Efficacy
  • Safety
  • Suitability
  • Cost effectiveness
  • East of administration
  • Storage of requirements

5.Start The Treatment:

  • The drugs should be prescribed and start the drug administration.
  • Inform the patient about the beneficial effect as well as side effect of the drug.
  • Instruct the patient how to deal with side effects.

The patient should be given a date of next appointment so that result of treatment should be assessed.

6. Result Of Treatment:

 The result of drug therapy should be assessed so the conclusion can be drawn about the effect of the drug if the patient response then it is rational therapy NF therapy does not respond so then start from Step 1. 7. Conclusion of treatment: Determine if the therapeutic goal has been achieved or not? Has the treatment solved the problem or not? If not reached the diagnosis made or the compliance of the patient. All of the above steps required skills that the rational use of the drug is achieved.
References:

  • Comprehensive pharmacy review
  • Clinical pharmacy by Roger walker


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Haseenullah Shah

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