Here is an Easy Way To Learn and memorize Most important drugs in Pharmacognosy

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How to study pharmacognosy




                                                                                              RESINS

DRUGS
SYNONYMS
B.SOURCE
FAMILY
HABITAT
CHEMICAL CONSTT.
USES

ROSIN Or COLOPHON
Distillation of Volatile oil from Oleoresin Obtained from Pinus palustris Y
Yellow resin, Rosin, Colophony Resin, Abietic anhydride, Amber resin
Pinus palustris
Pinaceae
Pakistan, China , India, Italy, Spain, Greece, USA
MAINLY:-
Resin Acid
Resenes
Fatty acid Esters
α-β- ϒ Abietic Acid
OTHERS:-
DihydroAbietic Acid
DehydroAbietic Acid
As a stiffening Agent in Ointment
Plasters
Cerates
As Diuretic in Vets
In Manufacturing of Varnishes
Printing inks
Wood polishes
Fire works

CANNABIS


Dried flowering tops
Indian hemp, Indian Cannabis, Marihuana, Marijuana , Bhang, Ganja, Hasach, Cannabis indica
Cannabis sativa
Cannabinaceae
Native to India. Cultivated in Pakistan Afghanistan, iran, central America, Bangladesh, USA, S.Africa, Asia Minor
RESINS (15-20%)
Cannabinol
Tetrahydro Cannabinol
Cannabidiol
Cannabidiol carboxylic Acid
Cannabigerol
Cannabichromene
Tonic
Intoxicant
Stomachic
AntiSpasmodic
Analgesic
Norcotic
AntiConvulsant
AntiAnxiety
Anti Tussive agentr

                                                                                     GLYCORESINS

PODOPHYLLUM

Dried Roots and Rhizome
May Apple, Mandrake root, American  Mandrake, Indian Apple,  Podophyllum Rhizome, Rhizoma  Podophylli




Podophyllum hexandrum

Podophyllum peltatum
Berberidaceae
Canada , USA
RESINS (6-12%)
Podophyllotoxin
PicroPodophyllin
AntiCancer
Purgative
Cytotoxic
DRUGS
SYNONYMS
B.SOURCE
FAMILY
HABITAT
CHEMICAL CONSTT.
USES
JALAP
Dried Tuberious Roots
Jalap root, Mexican  Jalap, Radix  Jalapae
Exogonium purge

Ipomoea purga
Convolvulaceae
Indigenous to Mexico. Found in India, West Indies, south America
RESINS (8-12%)
Jalapin
β- methyl esculetin
Ipurganol
Hydrogogue  Cathartic
Drastic Purgative
IPOMOEA

Mexican scamony,
Orizaba jalap,
Ipomoea radix,
Ipomoea orizabensis
Convolvulaceae
Native to Orizaba, Mexico
Resins 10-20%
Mainly:
Methyl pentoside
Phytosterole
Ipurolic acid
Convulvulinic acid
Others:
Scopoletin
Volatile oil
Sitosterole
Ca Oxalate
Cathartic
Hydrogogue
COLOCYNTH
Maraghonae,
Bitter apple
Bitter cucumber,
Colocynth pulp,
Colocynthis,
Fructus colocynthis,
Indrayan ,
Citrullus colocynthis
Cucuribitaceae
Syria
Cyprus
N.Africa
Turkey
Spain
India
Pakistan

Citrullol
Chloroform soluble resin
Pectin
Mainly:
Colocynthin
Colocynthetin
Albuminoids
cucurbitacine
Powerful Cathartic
Anticancer
cytotoxic
                                                                                 OLEORESINS
TURPENTINE
Olium,
Terbinathae
Tarpine
Rectified oil of turpentine
Pinus palustris

Pinus longifolia

Pinus elliotii

Pinus radiata
Pinaceae
Pakistan
India
France
USA
α pinene
β Pinene
As counter irritant
Rubifcient
Inhalation Vicks
As disinfectant
Insecticide
Source of vitamin
Paint
Varnishes
















































DRUGS
SYNONYMS
B.SOURCE
FAMILY
HABITAT
CHEMICAL CONSTT.
USES
CAPSICUM



(Dried ripe fruit)
Chillies,
Mirch,
Cayenne pepper,
Red pepper,
Spanish Pepper,
Capsicum Fruit,
Capsicum frutescens

Capsicum annuum
solanaceae
Native to America
India
S.Europe
Japan
Mexico
Srilanka
Oleoresins Mainly:
Capsaicin
Homo-capsaicin
Dihydrocapsaicin
Nor-  Dihydrocapsaicin
Homo- Dihydrocapsaicin
Carotenoids
Capsacutin
capsico
As Stimulant
C-irritant
Rubefacient
In sorethroat
Scarlattina
Hoarseness
Dyspepsia
Yellow fever
carminative
stomachic
Dyspepsia
Flatulence
Rheumatism
lumbago
                                                                                      OLEOGUM RESIN
ASAFOETIDA



(Root and Rhizome)
Asafoda
Gum Asafoetida
Asant
Henng (Hindi)
Hingo (sankirt)
Inja (Pashto)
Devils Dung
Food Of the God
Org-gardening
Ferula assafoetida

Ferula foetida

Ferula rubricaulis
Umbelliferae
Native to Iran
Found in Turkestan
Afganistan
Volatile Oil 4-20%
Gum 25%
Resins 40-65%
Main Oil
Isobutyl propanyl disulphide
Umbelliferone
Asarsinotannol
Carminative
Expectorant
Antispasmodic
Laxative
As Flavoring
Curries
Enemas
In Hysteric & Epileptic
In Cholera
Asthma
Bronchitis
Whopping Cough
Myrrh


(Stem)
Co
Comiphora molmol

Commiphora absyssinica
Burseraceae
Native to Somalia
Arabian Pennisula
Ethopia
Nubia
Yemen
Africa
Resins 25-40%
Gum 5761%
Volatile Oil 7-17%
Elemol
Furanodiene
Isofuranogermacrene
Curzerenone
Lindestrene
Protocatechuric acid
pyrocatechin
Carminative
Religons ceremony
Local stimulant
Antiseptic
Stomachic
Tooth poweder
Toothachne
Mouth wash
Astringent
Embalming













                                                                                       Balsams
DRUGS
SYNONYMS
B.SOURCE
FAMILY
HABITAT
CHEMICAL CONSTT.
USES
STORAX


(Trunk)
Styrax,
Prepared storax,
Styrax Preparatus,
Sweet oriental gum
Liquidamber orientalis


Liquidamber styraciflua
Hammelidaceae
Levant Storax
Native to Asia minor
American storax in Hondrus
Alcobal 50%
αβ. Storesins
Balsamic acid30-47%
Cinnamyl cinnamate Or Styracin,
Phyenyl Propyl Cinnammate,
Benzyl cinnamte,
Ethyl free cnnamic acid,
Styrene,
Vaniline + V oil
Stimulant
Expectorant
Parasiticide
Protectant
Antiseptic
Pharmacological preparation,
Balsam &benzoin Inhalation
PERU BALSAM


By Incision Of the Stem
Peruvian balsam,
Indian balsam,
China oil,
Black balsam,
Honduroas balsam,
Balsam Of Peru
Myroxylon pereirae


Myroxylon balsamum
Leguminosae
Columbia,
Venezuela,
Central America,
Cuba,
Florida,
Srilanka,
Pacific Coast
EI Slavador
Balsamic Esters
Benzyl Cinnamate
Benzyl Benzoate
Styracin ,
And Resins
Peru Resinotannol Cinnamate
Miticide
To Aid in healing
Of indolent wounds
Scabicide
Parasiticide
Skin Ulcer therapy
Local Protectant,
Rubifacient
As Antiseptic,
Expectorant
Vulmerable Diseases

TOLU BALSAM


(By Incison of the stem)
Tolu Balsam,
Thomas balsam,
Balsam of tolu
Resin Tolu,
Opobalsam ,
Balsamum Tolutanum,
Myroxylon balsamum
Leguminosae
Columbia
West indies
Cuba
Venezuela
And Peru
Resins 80%
Resin alcohol
Cinnamic and Benzoic Acid
Armoatic Acid
Others:
Benzyl benzoate
Benzyl cinnamate
Vanilline
Styrene
Eugenol
Expectorant
Stimulant,
Antiseptic,
In Cough Mixture as benzoin tincture,
As flavoring
In Confectionery













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