How polio virus spreads and what are its symptoms, Treatment and prevention??

Polio: Types, Causes, & Symptoms Prevention

INTRODUCTION OF POLIOMYELITIS:

Poliomyelitis (polio) is a dangerous infectious disease, caused by virus,which can effect many persons but mainly affects Young children. Generally it is caused by infection with a polio virus.

SPREADING OF POLIO VIRUS:

Polio virus spreads by direct person to person contact,also by contact with infected mucus or phlegm from the nose or mouth of infected person which then multiplies in throat and intestinal tract and then it is absorbed through blood and lymph system.

INCUBATION PERIOD OF POLIO VIRUS:

The time for developing symptoms of disease, i.e incubation ranges from 5-35 days which is taken 7-14 days as average.

SIGNS OF POLIO VIRUS:

Polio (paralytic polio) as its name implies, causes muscles paralysis which can even lead to death.

SYMPTOMS OF POLIO VIRUS:

In paralytic polio attacks nerves by leaving intestinal tract and enters the bloodstream. In asymptomatic polio the virus does not pass through intestinal tract as usuall,it may infect nerves of muscles in limbs and those muscle which are necessary for breathing, so it then cause respiratory difficulty and even paralysis of arms and legs.

GOAL OF TREATMENT OF POLIO VIRUS:

The goal of treatment is to control symptoms of polio virus.People with severe cases may need lifesaving measures,such as breathing help.

TREATMENT OF POLIO VIRUS:

Polio treatment include ;

ANTIBIOTICS:

-Antibiotics for urinary tract infection.

MEDICATION:

-Medications such as bethanechol.

HEAT TREATMENT:

-Moist heat(heating pads,warm towels in order to reduce muscle pain.

PAIN KILLERS:

-Pain killers to reduce headache.
MOST IMPORTANT TREATMENT:
-And the most important is pysical therapy and braces or corrective shoes etc.

PREVENTION OF POLIO VIRUS:

The most important prevention is POLIO IMMUNIZATION (vaccine) effectively prevents poliomyelitis in most people.

EFFECTIVENESS OF POLIO IMMUNIZATION VACCINE:

This immunization is over 90% effective.
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