How to celebrate International Women's Day

How to celebrate International Women's Day

How to celebrate International Women's Day and Why International Women's Day is celebrated

How to celebrate International Women's Day
How to celebrate International Women's Day

Every March 8, the struggle of women for equality, recognition and effective exercise of their rights is commemorated throughout the world. This is the story of the day.
March 8, 1908
On March 8, 1908, a momentous event marked the history of labor and trade union struggle throughout the world: 129 women died in a fire at the Cotton factory in New York, United States, after they went on strike with Stay in your workplace. The reason was due to the search for a reduction in working hours to 10 hours, a salary equal to what men who did the same activities and poor working conditions suffered. The factory owner ordered the building doors closed so that the women gave up and left the place. However, the result was the death of the workers who were inside the factory. That same year, on May 3, an act was held for Women's Day in Chicago, a preamble so that on February 28, 1909, in New York, the "National Women's Day" will be commemorated for the first time.

With this background, a year later, in 1910, the second International Conference of Socialist Women was held in the Danish capital, Copenhagen. The central theme was universal suffrage for all women, and by motion Clara Zetkin, leader of the “20,000 uprising”, was officially proclaimed on March 8 as the International Day of Working Women, in tribute to women who fell in the strike of 1908.

Closer in time, in 1977, the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization (UN) officially designated on March 8 International Women's Day. Then, in 2011, the centenary of the celebration was celebrated, with the premise of Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women).
A timeline that knows about fighting
1909: in accordance with a declaration of the United States Socialist Party, on February 28, the first National Women's Day was celebrated in the United States.
1910: the Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, proclaimed Women's Day, an international character as a tribute to the movement for women's rights and to help achieve universal female suffrage. The proposal was unanimously approved by the conference of more than 100 women from 17 countries, including the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament. A fixed date for commemoration was not established.

1911: as a result of the decision taken in Copenhagen the previous year, International Women's Day was celebrated for the first time (on March 19) in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Switzerland, with concentrations attended by more than 1 million of women and men. In addition to the right to vote and hold public office, they demanded the right to work, vocational training and non-discrimination at work.

1913-1914: in the framework of the peace movements that emerged on the eve of World War I, Russian women celebrated their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday of February 1913. In the rest of Europe, The women held meetings around March 8 of the following year to protest the war or to show solidarity with the other women.
1917: in reaction to the 2 million Russian soldiers killed in the war, Russian women chose again on the last Sunday of February to go on strike to demand "bread and peace." The political leaders criticized the opportunity of the strike, but the women did it anyway. The rest is history: four days later the Tsar was forced to abdicate and the provisional government granted women the right to vote. That historic Sunday was February 23, according to the Julian calendar used then in Russia, or March 8, according to the Gregorian calendar used in other countries.
1975: coinciding with the International Year of Women, the United Nations celebrated International Women's Day, for the first time, on March 8.
1995: The Beijing Declaration and Platform, a historical roadmap signed by 189 governments 20 years ago, set the agenda for the realization of women's rights.
2014: the 58th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW58), the annual meeting of States to address gender equality issues, focused on the “Challenges and achievements in the implementation of the Objectives of Millennium Development for women and girls ”.

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